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„It is wrong to think that the task of physics is to find out how nature is. Physics concerns what we can say about nature.“ (Niels Bohr: „Atomic Theory and the Description of Nature“, 1931)

Consulting, Research & Development

The national and international experience of IAF and our unique possibilities to seamlessly integrate in-situ measurements and in-house radionuclide analyses into our bespoke consulting services make us a trusted partner of companies, regulatory authorities, governments and international organisations. We provide and impartial advice and consultancy services of highest, uncompromising quality in the following areas:

Clearance and recycling/disposal of NORM residues

For more than two decades, IAF has been a highly trusted and reliable partner for planning, permitting and implementation of NORM waste characterisation, management, recycling and disposal projects. We enjoy an impeccable reputation with regulatory authorities and clients alike. Our experience covers the following areas:

  • Consulting to corporate clients with regard to NORM relevant proceses, materials and releases (air, water)
  • In-situ and sampling/laboratory-based characterisation of existing NORM residues, including documentation of investigation and site characterisation reports
  • Development of waste treatment, storage and disposal concepts for radioactive residues and wastes
  • Preparation of permit applications for the clearance of NORM residues from regulatory control according to Art. 29 of the German Radiation Protection Ordinance (StrlSchV, German)
  • Consultations with regulatory authorities and permitting procedures on behalf of corporate clients
  • Preparation, supervisions and documentation of the transportation and disposal of radioactive wastes and NORM residues (including ADR class 7)
  • Preparation of the final documentation for environmental/radiological remediation projects and recycling/disposal of radioactive materials.

The one guiding principle in all IAF does for our clients is uncompromising health and safety of humans, protection of the environment, and strict compliance with legal and regulatory requirements. In the interests of of our clients‘reputation in a sensitive area such as radioactivity, we favour safe solutions and strongly advise against shortcuts and cutting corners. For more than two decades we have collaborated with trustworthy and reputable partners for transportation and waste treatment, recycling and disposal. Find here links to selected partners that share our philosophy.

Support to governments, regulatory authorities and international organisations

IAF has been a recognised adviser to governments, regulatory authorities and international organisations. Senior staff of IAF have for many years been involved in projects of IAEA, World Bank, the European Commission and others, as consultants, trainers or independent experts. Selected examples of our broad and deep experience is provided below:

IAF is currently working on a project for the Federal Office for Radiation Protection (BfS) entitled “Verification of air tightness measurements in buildings to derive an investigation level with regards to the compliance with the mean indoor radon concentration reference level ” (FKZ 3616S12241).

Dose calculations, radiation safety assessments

IAF has had profound and and broad experience in dose calculation and radiation safety assessment in the following areas:

  • Safety assessment for decommissioning and environmental remediation (D&ER), especially as part of environmental impact assessments
  • Dose calculation of workers and members of the public in activities involving residues and discharges
  • Calculation of the indicative dose (also known as Total Indicative Dose) of drinking water according to the German Drinking Water Ordinance and the associated guidelines
  • Calculation of the doses due to ingestion of foodstuffs and inhalation of dust and radon

An important basis for the dose calculations is the „Calculation Guide for the Determination of Radiation Exposure due to Environmental Radioactivity Resulting from Mining“ Wichtige Grundlage für die Dosisberechnungen sind hierbei die „Calculation Guide for the Determination of Radiation Exposure due to Environmental Radioactivity Resulting from Mining “ (English edition) issued by the Federal Office for Radiation Protection (BfS) and implemented with a user friendly interface under DosMod-NORM). Another relevant document is the „Dose calculation guideline for Radon in Mining“ (Draft 1999, in German only). The calculation of the indicative dose from drinking water is based on the Guideline for the analysis and assessment of radioactivity in drinking water (BMU u.a., 2012, in German only), to which IAF senior staff have significantly contributed (implemented under DosMod-TW).

Complex R&D projects in the field of radiation protection and radiation safety

Leading experts of IAF have been, and continue to be, involved in important and complex research project, such as the following:

  • Development of innovative radon barriers and radon mitigation concepts for the environmental remediation project of Wismut’s uranium legacy sites
  • Selected high profile tasks for the disposal of radioactive waste in the Asse Salt Mine
  • Environmental monitoring of the planned radioactive waste repository at the Konrad Mine
  • Plant-wide activity balance measurements and calculations for industries such as lignite-based power generation and cement production (you can find an example here).

Details may be provided upon specific request and under consideration of confidentiality agreements.

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